Icelanders origin: The first permanent settler in Iceland is usually considered to be a Norwegian Viking named Ingólfur Arnarson. He settled with his family at around 874, in a place he named Smokey Bay, or Reykjavík in Icelandic. Following them, another group of Norwegians set sail across the North Atlantic with their families, livestock, slaves and possessions, escaping the domination of the first King of Norway, King Harald. They traveled 1,000 km (600 mi) in their Viking longboats to the beautiful island of Iceland. Most Icelanders are descendants of Norwegian settlers and Celts from Ireland and Scotland who were brought over as slaves during the age of settlement. Recent DNA analysis suggests that around 66 percent of the male settler-era population was of Norse ancestry, whereas the female population was 60 percent Celtic.
Languages: Of the North Germanic languages, the Icelandic language is closest to the Old Norse language and has remained relatively unchanged since the 12th century. Because of its small size and relative homogeneity, Iceland holds all the characteristics of a very close-knit society.
Indpependicy: Icelanders founded Alþingi, the first fully democratical congress in the world, the year 930. However an interial battles in Iceland ended with that Icelanders made a deal with King Hakon of Norway 1262, and became part of Norway. It then followed Norway into the Kalmar Union the year 1380. After that Icelanders where part of Danmark untill 1918 that they got their independency and own constitution from danish athourities. The 17th June 1944 the people of Iceland founded the republic of Iceland.
Icelandic music has a very long tradition, with some songs still sung today dating from 14th century. Iceland's
isolation meant that, until the 19th century, foreign influences were virtually absent, which resulted in the maintenance of a particular rhythm, called hákveða, lost in other Nordic countries and considered one of the main characteristics of Icelandic folk music.
Icelanders are very musical people and most people learn to play some instrument. Icelandic pop music is known worldwide, singer like Björk, bands like Sigurros, Sugarcubes and a recent example Of Monsters and Man.
Most Icelanders names are based on patronymy, or the adoption of the father's first given name, followed by "son" or "daughter". For example, Magnús and Anna, children of a man named Pétur Jónsson, would have the full name Magnús Pétursson and Anna Pétursdóttir, respectively. Magnús's daughter Sigríður Ásta would be Sigríður Ásta Magnúsdóttir, and would remain so for the rest of her life regardless of marriage.
The nation have learned to live and respect the unreliable nature throughout the centuries. Eruptions in Iceland are every 4-5 year, rough weathers, earthquakes, avalances and rough seas have taken its toll from this small nation. This causes Icelanders to be very strict about their nature and take very good care of it. They are a fishing nation, use the green energy (electricity) from their geothermal or hydro power plant, to make aluminium and other products to sell to the rest of the world. That along with tourism are the 3 main industries in Iceland.